in fact, are likely, as a general matter, to be more hazardous than large businesses. personalized name stitch buckle up buttercup tumbler OSHA’s reasoning is described below. The coverage and partial exemption provisions
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small facilities will not produce a valid database for accident analysis or accident prevention planning. Injury and illness data collection is difficult because of small personalized name stitch buckle up buttercup tumbler facility size and lack of recordkeeping expertise and resources. The benefits of collecting information in small facilities does not justify the costs. It is illogical to base the size exemption on anything other than the size of each separate establishment. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration notes that “the Annual Survey data show that small employers generally experience much lower patterns of injuries and illnesses than medium size firms.” However, recent literature comparing Annual Survey data and workers compensation data questions the validity of the estimated rates for small employers obtained through the Bureau of Labor Statistics Annual Survey.
Moreover, fatal and nonfatal work injuries are a significant risk among small businesses in hazardous industries and many industries with high fatal and nonfatal injury rates are comprised primarily of small companies. In addition, NIOSH research indicates that small companies have less access to safety and health programs that might reduce injuries and illnesses than larger companies . In the 1996 proposal, OSHA contemplated raising the threshold for the size-based exemption to 19 employees for all employers except those in the construction industry. In proposing this more extensive exemption, OSHA stated that BLS Annual Survey data appeared to indicate that small businesses in this size category had proportionately fewer injuries and illnesses and were thus safer places to work. However, since the proposal, OSHA has analyzed the record evidence on this point and now believes that small businesses are not generally likely to be less hazardous than larger businesses and,