79 The effect of this provision was to appoint all Indian agents custom name starry night vincent van gogh crocband clog and their superiors as justices of the peace under the Act. A further amendment80 the next year extended this authority by cloaking
custom name starry night vincent van gogh crocband clog
Jurisdiction extends beyond the boundaries of the reserve as long as the events constitute an offence under the Act, or involve Indians. custom name starry night vincent van gogh crocband clog While their jurisdiction was concurrent with the regular provincial court system insofar as the Indian Act and the Criminal Codeprovisions applicable to Indians were concerned, the expectation on the part of the federal government was that Indian agents would serve for all intents and purposes as the only relevant justices in all matters within their jurisdiction, due to their intimate knowledge of reserve life, their awareness of the specific events and their presence within the community. The role they were expected to play was part of an overall federal policy of assimilation. Just as the provincial governments had little to do with bands and their needs due to financial,
constitutional and other reasons, there was little incentive for the regular courts to get involved except when called upon to deal with more serious criminal offences. The Canadian government differed from its American counterpart in two critical ways. While the Bureau of Indian Affairs worked to develop an Indian police force to impose federal law under the watchful eye of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the Canadian policy was to rely upon the RCMP whenever any policing was necessary. Although tribal courts as such never have been established in Canada, there has been a long-standing parallel development worthy of note. While the Courts of Indian Offenses were being imposed by the American Bureau of Indian Affairs in 1883, the Canadian government already had implemented a similar objective through an amendment to the Indian Act in 1881.