Besides being larger than they might otherwise be, notre dame fighting irish football crocs union membership and financial resources became relatively permanent and steady. Conduct away from the bargaining table may also be relevant.
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as may be necessary for the execution of the functions of the Service, and shall fix their compensation in accordance with chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5, notre dame fighting irish football crocs and may, without regard to the provisions of the civil service laws, appoint such conciliators and mediators as may be necessary to carry out the functions of the Service. … Any employer who willfully or repeatedly commits any unfair labor practice within the meaning of subsections or of section 8 while employees of the employer are seeking representation by a labor organization or during the period after a labor organization has been recognized as a representative defined
in subsection of section 9 until the first collective bargaining contract is entered into between the employer and the representative shall, in addition to any make-whole remedy ordered, be subject to a civil penalty of not to exceed $20,000 for each violation. he status quo must be viewed as a collective whole. In the give-and-take of bargaining, a union presumably will make concessions in certain terms and conditions to achieve improvements in others[.] Preserving the status quo facilitates bargaining by ensuring that the tradeoffs made by the parties in earlier bargaining remain in place. Just as the employer continues to enjoy prior union concessions after the contract expires, as part of the “status quo,” so too the union continues to enjoy its bargained-for improvements, unless … the union has clearly and unmistakably agreed to waive them. Finley Hospital, 359 NLRB No. 9, slip op. at 2–3 . The primary benefit of union security and dues checkoff arrangements is the strengthening of the union.