provided the Chinese government with information yoga march girl the fire of a lioness the heart of hippie poster about two pro-democracy journalists who were subsequently jailed and apparently tortured. The journalists later successfully sued Yahoo in the United States.
yoga march girl the fire of a lioness the heart of hippie poster
of global justice take precedence over repressive national laws cannot be overstated . Looking at the case of Yahoo from the point of view of the two global social contracts, yoga march girl the fire of a lioness the heart of hippie poster the ethical conclusion is that, without some transnational legal rules or policies in force, Yahoo has no good ethical alternative. Yahoo is stuck with obeying the law of one state and getting punished in another . The Global Network Initiative of October 2008, discussed below, may be an ethical solution. Cosmopolitan utilitarianism is utilitarianism extended to global scope. In cases like Yahoo in China, cosmopolitan utilitarianism would consider what policies would produce the greatest value across the globe. Obviously, we should consider average value rather than total overall value.
Otherwise, the Chinese would always win because of their much greater numbers. Even with this clarification, it is open to question whether freedom of speech is more valuable than economic gain. Could China have achieved its breathtaking economic growth without restrictions of personal liberty? If China’s restriction of personal liberty is justified on utilitarian grounds, then Yahoo was justified in turning over dissidents to the Chinese government to be tortured. Questions of transnational justice don’t even arise for cosmopolitan utilitarianism. Additionally, Yahoo’s stockholders may have had good utilitarian justification for voting against any prohibition of censorship. Letting each country enforce its own censorship laws on the Internet would likely produce more profits for Yahoo. And a utilitarian could argue that having corporations stick to their purpose of maximizing profits is the policy that will produce the best results for everyone, although this claim is almost certainly incorrect. Around 2002, Yahoo